Risk management strategies help prevent major risk factors, study shows | Whuff News

Hazard prevention guidelines, also known as red flag rules, can help prevent gun violence, including multiple injuries/accidents, by addressing the threat while nothing happened, according to new research led by the University of Michigan.

A study by UM’s Institute for Firearm Injury Prevention, in collaboration with the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, reviewed more than 6,500 ERPO cases. The researchers found that more than 10% of the requests submitted were in response to multiple injuries or threats of emergency that aim to harm as many people as possible.

An ERPO is a civil court order that temporarily prohibits the purchase and possession of a drug by someone who may pose a risk of harm to themselves. others, and it usually involves a two-step process that includes a short (temporary) order (between seven days and a month. , depending on the state) and a long order to most states up to one year.

Among the threats analyzed, the most common were against K-12 schools (20%) and businesses (20%), followed by intimate partners, their children and their families (15%).

“We are encouraged by the use of this tool to respond to identified threats in all six states included in this study,” said April Zeoli, teacher of health policy at the UM School of Public Health is leading the study. “Even if only a small percentage of these cases are actionable, their prevention will have an immediate impact that will ultimately save lives.”

As stated in the research, recently published in Preventative Medicine, in the case of many victims/great threats, 93% of the requests filed in the temporary ERPO were accepted, and in the cases made have a final judgment, 84% of appeals. was given.

The study also suggests that, although little is known about the etiology of multiple anxiety disorders, these and similar studies provide evidence-based evidence that ERPO is used to interfere with withdraw access to firearms when a significant threat is perceived.

“It’s clear from our findings that ERPOs are being used to temporarily deport people who make credible threats to commit more violence,” said Shannon Frattaroli, professor at Johns Hopkins and a lead study co-author. and the Center for Gun Violence Solutions.

“The need to ensure that ERPO is available to people who witness such threats and that there are measures to respond is essential to increase the impact of this tool to prevent violence.”

Data from six states (California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Maryland and Washington) were used, making this the first multistate study of ERPO laws. The study period began on the effective date of each state’s ERPO laws and ended on June 30, 2020, except for Connecticut, where the study began in 2013.

Additional partners in this project include the University of Washington, University of California-Davis, University of South Florida, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Yale University, Michigan State University and Duke University.

The study was funded by the National Collaborative on Gun Violence Research.

Source link